Harold Alexander (UK)Bernard Montgomery (UK)Arthur Tedder (UK)George S. Patton (US)Guy Simonds (Canada)Axis PowersAlbert Kesselring (Germany)Alfredo Guzzoni (Italy)Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin (Germany)Hans-Valentin Hube (Germany), Full Operation Husky Order of BattleAllied PowersInitial Strength:160,000 personnel14,000 vehicles600 tanks1,800 gunsPeak Strength:467,000 personnelAxis Powers230,000 Italian personnel60,000 German personnel260 tanks1,400 aircraft, Allied Powers24,820 casualties(5,837 killed, 15,683 wounded, 3,326 captured)Axis PowersGermany:~20,000 casualtiesItaly:147,000 casualties (mainly POWs). Let us know. On July 24–25 the Fascist Grand Council met in Rome for the first time since the beginning of the war and passed a motion asking the king to resume his full constitutional powers—that is, to…, …the Western Allies successfully invaded Sicily in July 1943, it was obvious that collapse was imminent.…. Using the plans he deducted that the Allies would start an invasion from there and he wanted to meet them prepared, but the Allies were one step ahead. …coastal defenses, manned largely by Sicilians unwilling to turn their homeland into a battlefield for the Germans’ sake, collapsed rapidly... …coastal defenses, manned largely by Sicilians unwilling to turn their homeland into a battlefield for the Germans’ sake, collapsed rapidly enough. After some deliberation it was decided that it’s time to attack the Axis front on – target – Italy. Deception was an ally in the Battle of Sicily, … The USAAF also reported 28 killed, 88 missing and 41 wounded.Canadian forces had suffered 2,310 cas… Allied Invasion of Sicily, (9 July–17 August 1943), World War II event. The battle began on the night of 9 July, 1943, and ended 17 August in an Allied victory. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? Based on GMT's "The Battle for Normandy", the system moves to the 1943 invasion of Sicily by Allied forces. After the Allies won the campaign against the Axis in North Africa, with most of the forces that battled in North Africa now available the Allies had to plan their next move. In an effort to by-pass enemy positions and speed up his adva… Although these articles may currently differ in style from others on the site, they allow us to provide wider coverage of topics sought by our readers, through a diverse range of trusted voices. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Allies’ drive toward Messina then took the form…, …July 1943 the Allies invaded Sicily, and within a few weeks they controlled the island. - Landing in Sicily, July9-12 - Grammichele, July 15 - Piazza Arminera, July 16-17 - Valguarnera, July 15-20 - Assoro, July 20-22 - Leonforte, July 21-22 -… Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Sure enough that intelligence made it all the way to Adolf Hitler, who would go on to study the plans to the smallest detail. The battle of Sicily consists of many smaller battles. Sicily – The Battle of Sicily – At the Casablanca Conference that took place between January 14th to 23rd, 1943, Allied leaders decided to invade Sicily. As the final phase of the Sicily Campaign heated up, Patton drove his officers to push as hard as they could. These articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected. By this point the Battle of Sicily was more or less over as the Axis started to evacuate everything from troops to supplies from the island as soon as they could. There, German and Italian ships waited to ferry troops and equipment across the two-mile passage to the Italian mainland. Allied Invasion of Sicily, (9 July–17 August 1943), World War II event. After the Allies won the campaign against the Axis in North Africa, with most of the forces that battled in North Africa now available the Allies had to plan their next move. The Battle of Sicily, also known as Operation Husky, was the first move in the Italian Campaign and it marked Canada's first move in World War II. The U.S. 7th Army lost 8,781 men (2,237 killed or missing, 5,946 wounded, and 598 captured) while the British 8th Army suffered 11,843 casualties (2,062 killed or missing, 7,137 wounded and 2,644 captured). The Battle of Sicily: How the Allies Lost Their Chance for Total Victory (Stackpole Military History Series) [Stauffenberg, Friedrich von, Mitcham Jr., Samuel W.] on Amazon.com. After some deliberation it was decided that it’s time to attack the Axis front on – target – Italy. Troina fell on August 6. The Anglo-American invasion and capture of Sicily was a vital stepping-stone for the campaign in Italy, although the Allies were at fault in failing to prevent the Axis from successfully evacuating their best divisions from the island to continue the defensive battle on the mainland. The OOB provides a breakdown of Italian and German forces. The invasion was nearly canceled only a day before because of an upcoming summer storm which could have caused serious problems for paratroopers that were set to drop behind enemy lines at night. This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. The body found wasn’t a British Marine, it was a homeless man that had committed suicide, so the British intelligence used his body together with the fake documents to trick the German military into doing exactly what they wanted. Black Friday Sale! The American paratroopers consisted largely of Colonel James M. Gavin's 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment (expanded into the 505th Parachute Regimental Combat Team with the addition of the 3rd Battalion of the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, along with the 456th Parachute Field Artillery Battalion, Company 'B' of the 307th Airborne Engineer Battalion and other supp… The first step in the invasion was the Battle of Sicily,  aka Operation Husky, that occurred from July 10 – August 17, 1943. A detailed order of battle of Axis forces in Sicily during Operation Husky in July, 1943. For the Germans the battle wasn’t as much of a catastrophe as it could have been, they didn’t lose many troops but the Allies, even though they had won didn’t manage to capture the fleeing Axis troops. He had a briefcase attached to his wrist that was full of secret intelligence about the Allies’ plans. The Battle of Cape Ecnomus or Eknomos (Ancient Greek: Ἔκνομος) was a naval battle, fought off southern Sicily, in 256 BC, between the fleets of Carthage and the Roman Republic, during the First Punic War (264–241 BC). The invasion of Sicily, the first part of the plan, was a massive undertaking—in Europe, second only to D-Day—involving 2,600 Allied ships and sustained air support. When the Allies expected to make one last push to drive the enemy of the island they found that the enemy had already left, thus ended the Battle of Sicily. The Allies were set on attacking Italy in the hope that it would drive away the fascist government, and push the German troops from the northwest region of France which the Allies wanted to attack. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Losses: Allied, 22,000 casualties of 180,000; German, 10,000 casualties of 50,000; Italian, 132,000 casualties (mostly captured) of 200,000. Corrections? The Allied invasion of Sicily was code-named Operation Husky.It was a major battle of World War II.The Allies captured Sicily from the Axis Powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).. The Carthaginian fleet was commanded by Hanno and Hamilcar; the Roman fleet jointly by the consuls for the year, Marcus Atilius Regulus and Lucius Manlius Vulso Longus. The British forces had cleared the whole southeastern part of the island in the first three days of the invasion. Fighting a brilliant rearguard action, German army units crept back from their narrowing front toward the beaches of the Straits of Messina. The Allies would soon learn that this was an easy victory compared to the losses they would suffer in the invasion of the Italian mainland. The most comprehensive treatments of the campaign can be found in two books, Albert N. Garland and Howard McGaw Smyth, Sicily and the Surrender of Italy (1965) and Carlo D'Este, Bitter Victory, The Battle for Sicily, 1943 (1988). The amount of actual fighting was relatively small. Deception was an ally in the Battle of Sicily, prior to the events in North Africa the body of a British marine was found by the Germans. The invading force was made up of two armies—the U.S. Seventh Army and the British Eighth Army—and once ashore the Allies pressed forward in an attempt to destroy and capture the Axis units on the island. The Battle of Sicily was part of the Italian Campaign of World War II. World War II: Sicily and the fall of Mussolini, July–August 1943. In addition, the U.S. Navy lost 546 killed or missing and 484 wounded and the Royal Navy lost 314 killed or missing, 411 wounded and 4 captured. This was the beginning of the battle of Sicily. To the south, British forces captured Adrano andfinallyCatania. While the British wanted to pursue an offensive against Italy after the Allied capture of Tunisia, their U.S. partners were less enthusiastic, but the British prevailed. The Axis player will have more possibilities with air power, and the Allied player has the opportunity to use surgical "end-run" invasions behind enemy lines. The few German troops on Sicily were quickly reinforced to a total of four elite divisions, along with a substantial Italian force. Adrian Gilbert is a writer, editor and consultant with a special interest in 20th-century warfare. 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