Once they find a mate, they stay with them for life. They have very good eyesight and wide field of vision. In some areas, such as airports, they are so numerous that they are considered a nuisance. They will often eat for 12 hours or more a day to consume a sufficient amount of nutrients. Goslings are yellow and brown before they fledge into adult plumage. They suffer high mortality if infected by the H5N1 avian bird flu. 1) is the largest resident subspecies, referred to in the following as Canada geese, or geese. Several methods are used to reduce the likelihood of aircraft strikes. Brant goose (Branta bernicla) The brant goose is a small-sized goose with a small head, short neck … The predators of the adult geese are gray wolves, coyotes, bald eagles, snowy owls and golden eagles.It has a length range of 76 to 110 centimeters. The rest of the body is brown in color. Canada geese naturally avoid tall grasses, shrubs and bushes as they provide cover for predators. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The Canada goose's body plumage is brown. Interesting Canada goose Facts: Size of Canada goose depends on the subspecies. An average male weighs from 2.6 to 6.5 kg (5.7 to 14.3 lb), while an average female weighs from 2.4 to 5.5 kg (5.3 to 12.1 lb). Diet and Predators. There are at least seven subspecies of Canada goose, but it's difficult to distinguish between some of them because of interbreeding among the birds. Goslings (the young) could teach us a lot about sibling love. They fly south in autumn and return to their birthplace in spring. The birds were guarded by law and even reintroduced in some areas where their numbers had become low. Wild geese usually fly in “V” formation because as each geese flap its wings, it creates uplift for the other birds behind it and this decreases wind resistance. Because of their size and aggressive behavior, healthy geese are rarely attacked. In urban areas, Canada geese will pick food from garbage bins or accept it from humans. The Canada goose has a black head and neck and a white "chinstrap" that distinguish it from other geese (with two exceptions: the barnacle goose and cackling goose). Facts about Washington’s Canada Geese Food and Feeding Habits. Canada Geese are most easily identified by their long black neck, with a black head, crown and bill. Geese have replaced many guard dogs in many places, including sensitive military installations. Did you know, that geese typically return to the same nesting site, year after year?. Did you know, that the average goose drops 2 pounds of fecal mater every day?. In mild climates from south western British Columbia to California to the Great Lakes, some of the population has become nonmigratory due to adequate winter food supply and a lac… Typically, the birds summered in northern North America and flew south when cold weather arrived. Andreas Trepte / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 3.0. Most Canada geese undertake a seasonal migration. Canada goose populations represent a successful wildlife protection program that revived dwindling numbers in the beginning of the 20th century. By the early 20th century, overhunting and habitat loss lowered Canada goose numbers so significantly that the giant Canada goose subspecies was believed to be extinct. The average lifespan of a wild goose ranges from 10 to 24 years but one goose is known to have lived to the age of 31. Canada geese are adaptable to many habitats and may thrive wherever grasses, grains, or berries are available. While Canada goose is the bird's official and preferred name, it is also known colloquially as the Canadian goose. Canadian Geese Breeding Season. Its wingspan has a size of about 127 to 170 centimeters. Compared to a mammal's eyes, they are comparatively immobile; however, birds are able to rotate their heads greater distances. Domesticated geese raised on farms forage on grassy pasture and are given yards, sometimes with sheds, as shelter. Just 50 geese can produce two and a half tons of excrement in a year. Male Canada geese are sent out of the clutch when they are a year old and live with a group of single young males. As an extreme, some can live up to twenty four years in the wild. Canada geese at Lake Murray, Oklahoma. Typically, geese migrate at night, which allows them to avoid nocturnal predators, take advantage of the calmer air, and cool themselves. Canada geese seek mates when they are two years old. 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