Its name combines the Afrikaans word ‘vlei’ meaning ‘marsh’, and the local Nama word meaning ‘of-no-return’. As the lower slopes of the mountains are so heavily populated, even the high altitude moorlands are affected by human interference, such as the grazing of livestock and even farming. 4(14), pp. [5] Contrary to what has been suggested for much of Africa, planation surfaces in northern Ethiopia do not appear to be pediplains nor etchplains.[5]. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). Africa boasts many such plateaus, making it one of the most ideal lands to travel and cultivate. However these hillsides have good fertile soil and are heavily populated, largely by farming communities, so most of the region has been converted to agriculture with a few areas of natural vegetation remaining. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. The heathlands are of two types, ericaceous and proteaceous. [5] The youngest surface formed in the Cenozoic, being partly covered by the Ethiopia-Yemen Continental Flood Basalts. Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, also lies in the northwestern portion of the Ethiopian Highlands. Kolla, is an open woodland found at lower elevations, and dominated by species of Terminalia, Commiphora, Boswellia, and Acacia. Mussapa Gap was an important trade and migration route through the highlands for centuries. Likewise, the Great Rift, formed 50 million years ago by volcanic activity, also extends across most of eastern Africa and bisects Ethiopia's central mountainous plateau from roughly the southwest to the northeast, creating two highland areas. There are few places in South Africa that have the word village in their name, and for that reason alone we’ve included Harfield Village on our list (yes, we’re cheating, a little). They can be found on Venus, Mercury, Mars and the Moon. In the Harenna Forest, pockets of moist, closed-canopy forest with Pouteria and Olea are draped with lianas and epiphytes, while above 2400 meters, a shrubby zone is home to Hagenia, Schefflera, and giant lobelias (Lobelia gibberroa), species which can be found on the East African mountains further south. km. in much of Africa are insufficient (Figure 6), we have to come to the conclusion that the mountainous areas will be increasingly integrated in demographic, agricultural, and political processes. This variety of different types of habitat results in a richness of animal life too. The highlands themselves are divided into three distinct ecoregions, distinguished by elevation. The lowlands of the Bushveld are home to some of Africa's most famous big-game animals, including rhinos, elephants, water … [3], The Rusitu-Tanganda fault, an east-west rift that carries the eastward-flowing Rusitu River and the westward flowing Tanganda River, marks the southern end of the Chimanimani Mountains. Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative. The Batian peak is its highest peak. The farmland is home to many butterflies, especially Papilio, Charaxinae, Pieridae and Lycaenidae. The mountain forests are vulnerable to logging and the grasslands susceptible to fire and the rainforests, which by definition grow on well-watered fertile land, to clearance for agriculture. Other articles where East African Highlands is discussed: Nile River: …on the south by the East African Highlands, which include Lake Victoria, a Nile source; and on the west by the less well-defined watershed between the Nile, Chad, and Congo basins, extending northwest to include the Marrah Mountains of Sudan, the Al-Jilf al-Kabīr Plateau of Egypt, and the Libyan Desert The term "coffee" derives from the Arabic qahwah (.mw-parser-output .script-Cprt{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Cypriot",Code2001}.mw-parser-output .script-Hano{font-size:125%;font-family:"Noto Sans Hanunoo",FreeSerif,Quivira}.mw-parser-output .script-Latf,.mw-parser-output .script-de-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Breitkopf Fraktur",UnifrakturCook,UniFrakturMaguntia,MarsFraktur,"MarsFraktur OT",KochFraktur,"KochFraktur OT",OffenbacherSchwabOT,"LOB.AlteSchwabacher","LOV.AlteSchwabacher","LOB.AtlantisFraktur","LOV.AtlantisFraktur","LOB.BreitkopfFraktur","LOV.BreitkopfFraktur","LOB.FetteFraktur","LOV.FetteFraktur","LOB.Fraktur3","LOV.Fraktur3","LOB.RochFraktur","LOV.RochFraktur","LOB.PostFraktur","LOV.PostFraktur","LOB.RuelhscheFraktur","LOV.RuelhscheFraktur","LOB.RungholtFraktur","LOV.RungholtFraktur","LOB.TheuerbankFraktur","LOV.TheuerbankFraktur","LOB.VinetaFraktur","LOV.VinetaFraktur","LOB.WalbaumFraktur","LOV.WalbaumFraktur","LOB.WeberMainzerFraktur","LOV.WeberMainzerFraktur","LOB.WieynckFraktur","LOV.WieynckFraktur","LOB.ZentenarFraktur","LOV.ZentenarFraktur"}.mw-parser-output .script-en-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:Cankama,"Old English Text MT","Textura Libera","Textura Libera Tenuis",London}.mw-parser-output .script-it-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Rotunda Pommerania",Rotunda,"Typographer Rotunda"}.mw-parser-output .script-Lina{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Noto Sans Linear A"}.mw-parser-output .script-Linb{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Noto Sans Linear B"}.mw-parser-output .script-Ugar{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Ugaritic",Aegean}.mw-parser-output .script-Xpeo{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Old Persian",Artaxerxes,Xerxes,Aegean} قهوة)[2] and is traced to Kaffa.[2][3]. The Ethiopian Highlands form the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500 m (4,921 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4550 m (14,928 ft). The northern portion of the Highlands lies within the Highland council area, while the southern portion belongs to the council areas of Argyll and Bute, Stirling, Perth and Kinross, Angus, Aberdeenshire, Aberdeen City, and Moray. . The Southern miombo woodlands ecoregion lies at lower elevations east and west of the highlands. The main east-west road through the highlands is the A3 (Zimbabwe) - N6 (Mozambique), which connects the port of Beira in Mozambique to Zimbabwe's capital Harare via Chimoio, Manica, and Mutare, with a border crossing at Machipanda. The land of the former kingdom is mountainous with stretches of forest. The Highlands have a more equable climate than Zimbabwe's central plateau, with higher rainfall, low cloud and heavy mists and dew as moisture moves inland from the Indian Ocean. Farming - especially sheep farming - has been a way of life in highland areas for centuries. In recent years, it has consistently been ranked among the most violent cities in the world. Birds include Rueppell's chat, the finch Ankober serin (Serinus ankoberensis), white-winged flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi), and blue-winged goose. The Eastern Highlands, also known as the Manica Highlands, is a mountain range on the border of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. However, much of the original vegetation remains, especially at higher altitudes, which are not suitable for farming. Two distinct highland areas exist in the country. "Determinants of vegetation composition and diversity of a moist forest-savanna boundary in south-eastern Zimbabwe". The lower portion of the Harenna Forest is a distinct woodland community, with an open canopy of Warburgia ugandensis, Croton macrostachyus, and Syzygium guineense, and Afrocarpus gracilior, with wild coffee (Coffea arabica) as the dominant understory shrub. Harfield Village. The country's landscape features plains in the north and south. The term that was used consistently was “White South Africa” as the Government aimed to move every Black person to his or her respective ethnic homeland in order to have South Africa completely in the hands of the White population. Lister, L.A. (1987). Here are some of the most beautiful African names … There are 54 countries in Africa today, according to the United Nations. South Africa boasts a variety of cultures, traditions and languages, and parents often choose to name their children according to these distinctions. Younger sedimentary rocks coverextensive areas of southern Nigeria, Togo, Be… Remaining woodland in the drier areas contains much endemic flora and primarily consists of Podocarpus conifers and Juniperus procera, often with Hagenia abyssinica. Mutare is the largest city in the highlands. Legal Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Capital City: Addis Ababa: 9 02 N, 38 42 E: Independence: oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years (may be traced to the Aksumite Kingdom, which coalesced in the first century B.C.) Upper glacial valleys: farming and forestry Highland farming. [1] Most of the Ethiopian Highlands are part of central and northern Ethiopia, and its northernmost portion reaches into Eritrea. The ericaceous heathlands are dominated by Philippia pallidiflora, P. hexandra, Phylica ericoides, Passerina montana, Erica eylesii, E. pleiotricha, E. gazensis, and E. johnstoniana. 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