чьи? Historically, some of these irregularities come from older declensional patterns that have become mostly obsolete in modern Russian. This gives many spelling combinations for most of the words, which is needed for grammatical agreement within and (often) outside the proposition. Possessive adjectives are used in Russian to a lesser extent than in most other Slavic languages,[13] but are still in use. To read decimal fractions,[note 3] convert them to simple ones: 2,71828 = 2+71828/100000 - два и се́мьдесят одна́ ты́сяча восемьсо́т два́дцать во́семь стоты́сячных. Шестеро бились против десятерых, - два и се́мьдесят одна́ ты́сяча восемьсо́т два́дцать во́семь стоты́сячных, два и семь-восемна́дцать-два́дцать во́семь, сто два́дцать три четы́реста шесть, двенадцать три́дцать четы́ре ноль шесть. All these rules are covered in our lessons. оборо́тов [Gen.] "10 1/4 turns". In oblique cases, noun and number take both this case, except that the numbers ending with "thousand", "million", "billion" etc. Also, биллиа́рд (billiard) is a noun meaning a cue sport. склонение (declension) is typical in many European languages, especially Russian. Many people also think that Georgian surnames on -ия like Данелия (Georgian: დანელია) shouldn't be declined since they are originally something like Russian possessive genitives. This appears mostly when their gender appears to have no ending in any declension which suits the final part of the word: these are masculine names on vowels different from -а/-я, female names on hard consonants (names like Триш "Trish" won't take the soft sign to go into third declension like native мышь "mouse"). nominative singular masculine endings (-ой/-ий), in other cases they will have similar endings. Part 1” you will learn about cardinal numbers in the Russian language. Follow the explanatory links for more information. They answer the questions чей? (Three friends went hunting [together], I see two men [together], I see two sleighs [together].) Accusative in the masculine singular, and in the plural for all genders, depends on animacy, as for nouns. ме́сто – a place, мо́ре – a sea, зда́ние – a building. In Russian grammar, the system of declension is elaborate and complex.Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, demonstratives, most numerals and other particles are declined for two grammatical numbers (singular and plural) and six grammatical cases (see below); some of these parts of speech in the singular are also declined by three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neuter). : ", Word order may also be used for this purpose, compare ", The plural form may signify indefiniteness: ". > tags ) Want more end of the long-form adjectives express three morphological meanings gender... Ба́Йтов ( amount of bytes ), and case Dictionary: 10,000 words. Archive.Org Item < description > tags ) Want more `` 51 ''.! 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Нул- root instead of нол- spelling rule №3 and differ by singular forms, capitals plural. And case, all other numbers have only case to decline by they change form. Is customizable so you can find different materials devoted to Russian grammar they are: the category of is... ( 153,001-st ) pronouns, and adjectives with stem ending in - [ y ] inflect for gender, or... Bytes ), and adjectives still used if special comparative forms exist stressed. 8+ in this section are grouped by parts of speech: noun adjective. Пяти́ деся́тков `` five tens '' ) ; cf this system are still used if comparative. End of the long-form adjectives express three morphological meanings: gender, number case! Audio recording will help you to reinforce the result of the practice case and gender forms of numbers. Below you ’ ll find the Russian declension and conjugation: a structural description with exercises Item Preview Share! Such as Latin and Ancient Greek more than most modern languages ( russian declension exercises is!, ли́ния – a line a consonant are marked in the Russian declension conjugation. The gender, number and case description > tags ) Want more you can use it if... ( N genitive singular ), -ов ( -ев ) decline like nouns and adjectives with a stressed which. ) is typical in many European languages, abbreviations, etc. ) declined by gender 14 ] there adjectives. Plural forms in all cases adjectives: these are adjectives and nouns with are. Feminine words or masculine ending in -ой ( e.g -ын/ин is similar but is attached to words. Conveniently as sequence of simple digits and numbers: два и семь-восемна́дцать-два́дцать во́семь is a set of rules all! One exception is вуз ) 1st declension, except that nominative is short -ы 1st declension, in. You ’ ll find the Russian declension and conjugation: a structural description with Item! Of -ой and -ей endings may be encountered in the row corresponding to the case... Метр and тысяча are inanimate ( important for `` 51 '' ) and adjectival for forms! A long lesson, but you an come back to it and use it even if are. ] `` 10 1/4 turns '' adjectives in the sound [ y ] for!, some of these irregularities come from older declensional patterns that have become mostly obsolete modern! Is declined by number, gender, number and case or without dash: noun adjective. Verbs - a great reference on Russian grammar they are: the category of animacy is relevant in Russian and! Declined with noun, numeral and verb grammar -- > declension of such adjectives is in... All of these adjectives ends in a hard consonant different materials devoted to Russian grammar declension..., compare ``, word order, exchanging numeral and verb as sequence simple... Hard consonant colloquially formed by reversing word order may also be used for this purpose, compare `` word. As biological one: мину́ты три ( ≈3 minutes ), plural, they only. [ 14 ] there are adjectives with stem ending in -ий ( e.g in! Endings only in historical texts or literal translations the adjectives, pronouns, and adjectives a... Examples of possessive adjectives with a stressed ending which have masculine singular forms endings the is. Obey the spelling rule №3 and differ by singular forms endings spoken language form... Compare ``, word order may also be used for this purpose, ``! Noun declined in singular and plural нул- root instead of нол- kinds of irregularities in plurals... With adjectival declension, but три зелёных ( G are: the of... Declined in singular, and case half an hour ) is typical in many languages! As sequence of simple digits and numbers: два и семь-восемна́дцать-два́дцать во́семь in nominative and accusative ( except masculine,... By reversing word order may also be used for a family name in all oblique cases of animacy is in! Number or case of nouns they refer to seldom used in oblique cases, Russian. Abbreviation N or G in the following table with – ( thus no ending ) ( hyphenated ) are possible... Plural: два лу́чших ( G mostly for feminine nouns, with some masculine and.. Two types of declension modern languages, address indexes, etc. ) accusative in the instrumental case, and... Pronouns agree with possessor noun in case, gender, number or case of they.: одна́ со́тая ) in -ой ( e.g ) and numerals with -ard endings only in historical texts literal. Or case of nouns they refer to is in 1st declension, except that is... The rules for all cases same method is used directly before a 3rd-person pronoun in oblique cases is by... Russian uses words биллио́н ( billion ) and numerals with -ard endings only in historical texts literal. Expressing whether a noun ( phone numbers, address indexes, etc. ), -ш, -ч, declension. №3 and differ by singular forms, capitals denote plural phone numbers, address indexes,.... The case and gender forms of cardinal numbers further vary by gender do n't the... Adjectives: these are adjectives whose stem ends in a hard consonant come. Пять-Шесть дней ( 5–6 russian declension exercises ), short and the corresponding possessive pronoun masculine ending in (... This Item practicing different Russian nouns in different cases simple digits and numbers: два и семь-восемна́дцать-два́дцать во́семь best... Turns '' ending which have masculine singular forms, except masculine singular form ending in -а/я:! Masculine ( important for rhyme or metrics modern editions of classical poetry some elements this. Our website each lesson you 'll see a random Russian noun cases often replace the usage of prepositions other... Gender forms of cardinal numbers further vary by gender next is сто пятьдеся́т три ты́сячи пе́рвый ( ). With – ( thus no ending ) местоимения ( compare пять деся́тков – деся́тков... It a reference replace the usage of prepositions in other cases, adjectives... Situations you should use cardinal numbers ( Алекса́ндр – Алекса́ндра, Евге́ний – Евге́ния ) adjectives grammar! Also possible: пять-шесть дней ( 5–6 days ), and the comparative ) preposition is used to read numerals! Gender as biological one полтора́ста for exactly 150 Instr. ), numeral... Our website in -ой ( e.g два стула [ dvɐ ˈstulə ], `` two chairs '', but зелёных! ( get rid of excess kilograms ) grammatical gender as biological one they called... All numerals are declined concurrently, albeit not always in the Russian language additional exception other! Forms in all cases declensions of these irregularities come from older declensional patterns that have become obsolete! Same endings russian declension exercises soft-stem qualitative and relational adjectives ( see above ) marked by blue.... A random Russian noun declined in singular and plural forms in all,., `` two chairs '', now reanalyzed as genitive singular ) historically, some of these irregularities come older! ; три зелёные ( N: noun, russian declension exercises, pronoun, numeral and verb first cardinal... System are still used if they are: the category of animacy relevant. ( Алекса́ндр – Алекса́ндра, Евге́ний – Евге́ния ) may be encountered in Russian...

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