Explanation of Brutalist architecture Despite what many assume, the term brutalism has nothing to do with cold, “brutal” design, rather, it is based on the French phrase, béton brut, meaning “raw concrete”. The National Gallery building is in the late 20th-century Brutalist style. Marcel Breuer was known for his "soft" approach to the style, often using curves rather than corners. As Stalin’s birthplace, Georgia has a complicated place in Soviet’s long history, which is partly reflected in its exceptional Brutalist monuments - now transformed into museums, libraries, or banks. Characterized by bold geometries, the exposure of structural materials, and functional spatial design, brutalist architecture was an expression of social progressivism and became a favored style for public architecture of the time. [4][5][14] Brutalist designs became most commonly used in the design of institutional buildings, such as universities, libraries, courts and city halls. In London, 2016, it feels like the war being waged against council estates is being won, even though social need is as great as ever before. "Another Brick in the Wall". A pioneering spouse and architectural partnership pair, the Smithsons came to define 50s and 60s English architecture with their impressive theoretical work and avant-garde interpretations to design, housing and urban planning. Known example, Western City Gate also known as the Genex Tower is a 36-storey skyscraper in Belgrade, Serbia, which was designed in 1977 by Mihajlo Mitrović [fr]. Designed by architecture firm Pfohl, Roberts & Biggie, the answer to the brutalist architecture movement in Buffalo, New York, is the city’s appropriately imposing law courts. Rest assured, brutalist architecture is back in fashion again and here to stay instead of being relegated to the footnotes of architectural history. An Introduction To Brutalist Architecture In 10 Buildings. Built in 1974, its sheer façade gives very little away, with narrow, vertical strips of windows dwarfed by vast pre-cast concrete panels. The John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library and the Sciences Library (Brown University) were designed by Danforth Toan, whose firm also designed the Robarts Library at the University of Toronto. À la fin des années 1950 et au début des années 1960, de nombreux campus en Amérique du Nord connaissaient une expansion rapide et, en raison du faible coût associé et de la facilité de construction rapide, un nombre important de bâtiments brutalistes ont été construits dans les universités américaines et canadiennes. The Royal National Theatre's Olivier Theatre (1976), designed by Denys Lasdun, located in London, England. [19][20] At the time, it was described as "the most truly modern building in England".[21]. [4] In recent decades, the movement has become a subject of renewed interest. 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