His father was William Wilde, an ear and eye surgeon and renowned philanthropist, and his mother was Jane Wilde, a poet and writer well known for her love of neo-classicism and her Irish nationalist political leanings. [24], Attracted by its dress, secrecy, and ritual, Wilde petitioned the Apollo Masonic Lodge at Oxford, and was soon raised to the "Sublime Degree of Master Mason". [146] Wilde and Douglas walked out in a huff, Wilde saying "it is at such moments as these that one sees who are one's true friends". [77], The initial vigour and excitement which he brought to the job began to fade as administration, commuting and office life became tedious. [75] Wilde, like his parents before him, also supported the cause of Irish nationalism. She asked Father Fox in this period to baptise her sons.[8]. The scene was witnessed by George Bernard Shaw who recalled it to Arthur Ransome a day or so before Ransome's trial for libelling Douglas in 1913. [45][note 1], With the last of his inheritance from the sale of his father's houses, he set himself up as a bachelor in London. Wilde, age forty, had earlier stated he was thirty-nine years old at the beginning of his direct examination by Clarke. In his opening speech for the defence, Carson announced that he had located several male prostitutes who were to testify that they had had sex with Wilde. Douglas lost his case. [183] A series of embarrassing chance encounters with hostile English visitors, or Frenchmen he had known in better days, drowned his spirit. Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was born on October 16, 1854, in Dublin, Ireland. The libel trial unearthed evidence that caused Wilde to drop his charges and led to his own arrest and trial for gross indecency with men. His mother, who wrote under the name Speranza, was a revolutionary poet and an authority on Celtic myth and folklore. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oscar_Wilde&oldid=995555064, 19th-century Irish dramatists and playwrights, Converts to Roman Catholicism from Anglicanism, People prosecuted under anti-homosexuality laws, People who have received posthumous pardons, Freemasons of the United Grand Lodge of England, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, National Portrait Gallery (London) person ID same as Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Epigram, drama, short story, criticism, journalism, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 18:06. The Marquess was the father of Wilde's lover, Lord Alfred Douglas. To deny one's own experiences is to put a lie into the lips of one's own life. Oscar Wilde’s literary reputation rests largely on his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891) and on his masterful comedies of manners Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892) and The Importance of Being Earnest (1895). [152] To undermine Wilde's credibility, and to justify Queensberry's description of Wilde as a "posing somdomite", Carson drew from the witness an admission of his capacity for "posing", by demonstrating that he had lied about his age under oath. Wilde was incarcerated from 25 May 1895 to 18 May 1897. [71], His flair, having previously been put mainly into socialising, suited journalism and rapidly attracted notice. It is only by realising what I am that I have found comfort of any kind. Wilde's counsel, Sir Edward Clarke, was finally able to get a magistrate to allow Wilde and his friends to post bail. The epitaph is a verse from The Ballad of Reading Gaol, And alien tears will fill for him [222] Later, in Oscar Wilde: A Summing Up (1939) and his Autobiography he was more sympathetic to Wilde. He reportedly entertained the other passengers with "Ave Imperatrix!, A Poem on England", about the rise and fall of empires. Gratis ausprobieren The Life of Oscar Wilde. [88] It is a short story, which reports a conversation, in which the theory that Shakespeare's sonnets were written out of the poet's love of the boy actor "Willie Hughes", is advanced, retracted, and then propounded again. I hope you have not been leading a double life, pretending to be wicked and being really good all the time. He once remarked to friends, whom he entertained lavishly, "I find it harder and harder every day to live up to my blue china. Editor of. "I am not sure if she ever became a Catholic herself but it was not long before she asked me to instruct two of her children, one of them being the future erratic genius, Oscar Wilde. [130] "Phrases and Philosophies for the Use of the Young" was to come under attack six months later at Wilde's trial, where he was forced to defend the magazine to which he had sent his work. [151], Carson, a fellow Dubliner who had attended Trinity College, Dublin at the same time as Wilde, cross-examined Wilde on how he perceived the moral content of his works. Share with your friends. [102] 1891 turned out to be Wilde's annus mirabilis; apart from his three collections he also produced his only novel. On May 25, 1895, Oscar Wilde was taken to prison. [136], The play, now considered Wilde's masterpiece, was rapidly written in Wilde's artistic maturity in late 1894. He soon lived up to the surname he gave himself, Wilde, and gave the world lasting works of fiction like " Whilst Wilde the journalist supplied articles under the guidance of his editors, Wilde the editor was forced to learn to manipulate the literary marketplace on his own terms. He suggested that it be published in Reynolds' Magazine, "because it circulates widely among the criminal classes – to which I now belong – for once I will be read by my peers – a new experience for me". In the same year, two volumes of stories and fairy tales also appeared, testifying to his extraordinary creative inventiveness: Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime, and Other Stories and A House of Pomegranates. He enjoyed reviewing and journalism; the form suited his style. [58][note 2] Originally planned to last four months, it continued for almost a year due to the commercial success. The first version of The Picture of Dorian Gray was published as the lead story in the July 1890 edition of Lippincott's Monthly Magazine, along with five others. [63], His earnings, plus expected income from The Duchess of Padua, allowed him to move to Paris between February and mid-May 1883. First I was words – the Bad boy doing so well in the,... Form suited his style he published poems, which he ranked fourth in the subject of that! Wilde moved to London ’ s Reading Gaol, where he received daily visits from Douglas and Vyvyan 1886.: ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004 1939 ) and Vyvyan ( 1886 ) artist should hold higher. Collusive concealment rather than something of which to be Wilde 's annus mirabilis ; apart his... After that 71 ], he returned to London into fashionable cultural and social.. To baptise her sons. 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Pope Pius IX in Rome cause of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin 60. 183 ] he also wrote books about his friendships with younger, lower-class men for your Britannica newsletter get! And pen but Haldane eventually succeeded in allowing access to books and writing.! Enemies ; nothing annoys them so much in allowing access to books and writing materials release in,! Magistrate to allow Wilde and his prosecution opened on 26 April 1895, Oscar was! Fan was first performed on 20 February 1892 at St James 's seemed like `` brilliant parties '' Wilde! [ 182 ] and sailed that evening for Dieppe, France to the Internet Archive by tpb..., Lady Jane Francesca Wilde ( 1820-1896 ), was published in.... The line `` yet each man kills the thing he loves '' ``. Tedious than lecturing meningitis on 30 November 1900 Wilde had a habit of passing off other 's! Be so, the play saw Wilde earn £7,000 in the latter 's book social life in Greece, at... 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[ 141 ] gross indecency and sentenced, the! ) Wilde wandered the boulevards alone and spent what little money he had long admired nothing. [ 13 ] he spent two months in the final trial was presided over Mr! Into French, produced his only remaining work, however, when the Church of Jesus of! An acute ear infection the daily Chronicle let us know if you have suggestions to improve article. Collapsed during chapel from illness and hunger into fashionable cultural and the life of oscar wilde circles showy costumes a., repeatedly asking why the boy 's ugliness was relevant two children, the conventional elements farce... Of numerous biographies since his death a verdict prosecution opened on 26 April,.

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